Clinical Presentations and Outcome of Cardiovascular Disorders Seen in The Emergency Department of a Private Cardiac Center in Port Harcourt, South-South Nigeria

Main Article Content

Chibuike Eze Nwafor
Jovita Agbamoro


Background: Cardiovascular emergencies are sudden and require immediate action, posing a significant public health challenge, especially in low-income settings. To effectively control cardiovascular disease (CVD) and reduce deaths from cardiovascular emergencies, data-driven decision-making is necessary. Hence, this study aims to describe the pattern of clinical presentations and outcomes of cardiovascular disorders seen in a private cardiac center in Port Harcourt.

Method:  This retrospective cross-sectional study examines the Clinical Presentations and Outcome of Cardiovascular disorders at the emergency department of Goodheart Medical Consultants Hospital, South-South Nigeria, spanning three years (2019-2021). Emergency case records were retrieved, extracting pertinent data on patient socio-demographics, diagnoses, and treatment outcomes.

Results: A total of 1644 patients were admitted, averaging 54.75±18.53 years old, with ages ranging from 3 to 92 years. Among them, 607 (36.9%) were admitted for cardiovascular emergencies. Notably, cardiovascular diseases were more prevalent among females, constituting 314 (51.7%) compared to males, 293 (48.3%). The largest proportion of patients (41.2%) fell within the 61-80 age group. Heart failure accounted for the most common cardiovascular disease (41.9%), while heart block was the least frequent (0.5%). Of the admitted patients with cardiovascular diseases, 95.7% were discharged home, 2.6% died, and 1.6% were referred elsewhere.

Conclusions: The most common CVD was heart failure (41.9%), and was most prevalent between the ages of 41 and 80 thus, indicating that the risk of CVD increases with age.  Heart failure also accounted for most occurrences of mortality, discharge and referral. Early detection and prompt management of CVD emergencies should be practiced.

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How to Cite
Nwafor, C. E. and Agbamoro, J. (2024) “Clinical Presentations and Outcome of Cardiovascular Disorders Seen in The Emergency Department of a Private Cardiac Center in Port Harcourt, South-South Nigeria”, International Journal of Integrated Medical Research, 11(02), pp. 45–52. doi: 10.57181/ijoimr/vol11i02/173.
Research Article


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