Music - The upcoming symphonious antidote to stress

Main Article Content

Sadaf Binu Manaf
Fatima Asghar
Tarannum Thyyib
Fathima Aaliya
Joan Bryant Kumar
Manjunatha Bellary Kuruba



Music therapy has been claimed to be a useful aid in physical discomfort especially in the younger generation by improving physiological parameters and improving mental health.

Materials and methods:

The stress levels and the physiological effects of music on 88 healthy students of both genders in our medical college were assessed. Information related to demographics and their usage of music were collected along with their responses on the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) Questionnaire. The physiological parameters were measured before, during and immediately after listening to music of their choice for 15 minutes. All collected data was analysed by SPSS 25 software.

Results and discussion:

All the parameters pertaining to the respiratory system and cardiovascular system improved after listening to music. The decrease in respiratory rate and diastolic blood pressure was significant (p<0.05). VRT improved significantly (p<0.05) when done while listening to music especially in students with moderate levels of stress.


Our study underlined the beneficial effects of music in reducing stress and improving performance in students and should be advocated as an effective and easy method of stress relief.


Article Details

How to Cite
Manaf, S. B., Asghar , F., Thyyib, T., Aaliya, F., Bryant Kumar, J. and Bellary Kuruba, M. (2023) “Music - The upcoming symphonious antidote to stress”, International Journal of Integrated Medical Research, 10(01), pp. 04–09. doi: 10.57181/ijoimr/vol10i01/94.
Research Article


• Faus S, Matas A &Elósegui E | Gustavo Cunha Araújo (Reviewing editor). Music and regaining calm when faced with academic stress. Cogent Arts & Humanities 2019; 6:1.

• Arikan MK, Devrim M, Oran O, Inan S, Elhih M, Demiralp T. Music effects on event-related potentials of humans on the basis of cultural environment. Neurosci Lett1999;268(1):21–4.

• Linnemann A., Wenzel M, Grammes J., Kubiak T, &Nater UM. Music listening and stress in daily life—a matter of timing. Int J Behav Med2018;25(2): 223-230.

• Vidas D, Larwood JL., Nelson NL., & Dingle GA. Music listening as a strategy for managing COVID-19 stress in first-year university students. Front. Psychol2021; 12.

• Myskja A, Lindbaek M. Hvordanvirkermusikkpåmenneskekroppen? [How does music affect the human body?]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2000; 120(10):1182-5

• DeWitte M, Pinho ADS, Stams GJ, Moonen X, Bos AER. &Hooren SV. Music therapy for stress reduction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Psychol Rev2020;Nov 27; 1-26

• Allen K., Golden LH, Izzo J LJr, Ching MI, Forrest A, Niles CR, Niswander PR & Barlow JC. Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosom Med 2001; 63(3):487-92.

• Linnemann A, Ditzen B, Strahler J, Doerr JM, Nater UM. Music listening as a means of stress reduction in daily life. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2015; Oct 60:82-90.

• Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., and Mermelstein, R. A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 1983; 24: 386-396

• Das S, Gandhi A, and Mondal S. Effect of premenstrual stress on Audiovisual Reaction time and audiogram. Indian J PhysiolPharmacol1997; 41(1): 67-70

• Balakrishnan G, Uppinakudru G, Girwar Singh G, Bangera S, Dutt Raghavendra A, Thangavel D. A comparative study on visual choice reaction time for different colors in females. Neurol Res Int 2014:301473. doi:10.1155/2014/301473

• Guo, W., Ren, J., Wang, B. & Zhu, Q. Effects of Relaxing Music on Mental Fatigue Induced by a Continuous Performance Task: Behavioral and ERPs Evidence. PLoS ONE2015; 10(8): e0136446.

• Nida J, Grewal R, Pereira RS, Grayson S & Alameda, D. (n.d).The Effects of Music and Breathing Exercises in Reducing the Physiological Symptoms of Stress. 2014

• Knight, W.E. & Rickard, N.S. Relaxing music prevents stress-induced increases in subjective anxiety, systolic Blood pressure, and heart rate in healthy males and females. J Music Ther2001; 38 (4): 254-272.

• Baste, VS. & Gadkari, JV. Study of stress, self-esteem and depression in medical students and effect of music on perceived stress. Indian J PhysiolPharmacol 2014; 58(3): 298-301.

• Mehfooz QUA, Sonia IH. Effect of Stress on Academic Performance of Undergraduate Medical Students. J Community Med Health Educ2017; 7:566. DOI: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000566

• Kulkarni G, Chittapur D. Effects of long term Indian classical Raga Therapy in reduction of Blood Pressure among chronic hypertensive patients. APIK J Int Med 2017; 5(3): 10-14

• Bekiroğlu T, Ovayolu N, Ergün Y &Ekerbiçer HÇ. Effect of Turkish classical music on blood pressure: A randomized controlled trial in hypertensive elderly patients. Complement Ther Med 2013; 21(3): 147–154

• El-Hassan H, McKeown K, Muller AF. Clinical trial: music reduces anxiety levels in patients attending for endoscopy. Aliment PharmacolTher2009;30(7):718- 24

• Jasemi M, Aazami S, Zabihi RE. The effects of music therapy on anxiety and depression of cancer patients. Indian Journal of Palliative Care 2016; 22(4), 455 – 458.

• Prasad BK. Effect of Music on Visual and Auditory Reaction Time: A Comparative Study. Research and Reviews: Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2013; 3(1): 121-125.

• Nagpal M ,Gupta RR. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2019; 9(10):1005-1008

• Zakharova NN, and Ivashchenko OI. Effect of music on motor reaction time and inter hemispheric relations. Zhurnalvyssheinervnoideiatelnostiimeni IP Pavlova 1984;34(2): 212–218.

• Chennafi M, Khan MA, Li G., Lian Y & Wang G. Study of Music Effect on Mental Stress Relief Based on Heart Rate Viability. 2018 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems (APCCAS). pp 131-134.

• Thoma MV, La Marca R, Brönnimann R, Finkel L, Ehlert U, &Nater UM. The effect of music on the human stress response. PLoSONE 2013; 8(8), e70156.